Atelerix algirus is endemic to the Mediterranean region, occurring across North Africa from Morocco to Libya, in Spain, and on a number of islands including the . The North African hedgehog (Atelerix algirus), or Algerian hedgehog, is a species of mammal in the family Erinaceidae. It is found in Algeria, Libya, Malta. Atelerix algirus (Lereboullet, ) Taxonomic (Download Help) Atelerix algirus TSN Subspecies, Atelerix algirus girbanensis Vesmanis,
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File:Erizo moruno (Atelerix algirus).jpg
If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. The underbelly of this animal can vary in colour and is often either brown or white. Little is known about this species of hedgehog, even though the most common breed of domesticated hedgehogs is a result of crossing a four-toed hedgehog with a North African hedgehog.
This page was last edited on 14 Augustat In algigus areas vegetation is also sparse and conditions are dry. Connect with us Help us improve the site by taking our atelerlx.
Help us improve the site by taking our survey. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Like other mammals, scent cues are likely to be important in communication and in prey detection. Wikipedia, Anti-predator Adaptations cryptic Ecosystem Roles There is little information on the ecosystem roles of North African hedgehogs.
Range number of offspring 3 to 10 Range gestation period 30 to 40 days Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity female 8 to 10 weeks Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity male 8 to 10 weeks Little is known about parental investment in North African hedgehogs. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends.
Retrieved from ” https: They also have larger ears, longer snouts, and longer legs than Erinaceus europaeus. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses:. Accessed April 29, at http: Views Read Edit View history.
Within these regions, it can often be spotted in garden and park areas.
Little is known about the lifespan of Atelerix algirus. Litter size is between 3 and 10 hoglets, and each hoglet weighs 12 to 20 grams. Vriends, Communication Channels acoustic Perception Channels visual tactile acoustic chemical Food Habits North African atelegix are generalist omnivores. Vegetation is typically sparse, though spectacular blooms may occur following rain.
Atelerix algirus – Algerian hedgehog (Species Link Page)
Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a now extinct synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. Vegetation is made up mostly of grasses, the height and species diversity of which depend largely on the amount of moisture available. Vriends, Communication and Perception Nothing is known about communication in the wild for Atelerix algirus. North African hedgehogs have no known negative impact on humans.
Very little is actually known about the preferred habitat of the North African hedgehog. See also Tropical savanna and grassland biome. Nothing is known about communication in the wild for Atelerix algirus. They do not mate for life or engage in pair-bonding, but little else is known about mating behavior. North African hedgehogs prefer arid climates, but are found in a broad range of habitats including dry Mediterranean scrub, grasslands, pastures, cultivated fields, semi-desert, and gardens.
Because this species of hedgehog is native to Africait algiris been suggested that it was introduced by humans to the algjrus countries where it is now found, including France and Spain including the Canary Islands. North African hedgehogs range in length from to mm. Atelerix algirus is also known as the Algerian hedgehog.
This species is difficult to study in the field because it is nocturnal. Little is known about parental investment in North African hedgehogs.
Accessed April 02, at http: They are typically found at altitudes of m or less, although elevations of up to m have been observed in Morocco. In dunes near seas and oceans this is compounded by the influence of salt in the air and soil.
Johns Hopkins University Press. It can be found in other algrius regions as well, including parts of Francethe Canary Islandsand the Balearics. Vriends, ; Wikipedia, They are paler in color than hedgehogs from Europe, with the possible exception of Erinaceus europaeus. Like most hedgehogs in the Mediterranean, Atelerix algirus is most likely in decline, but not enough is known about their population size to be certain.
They have also been introduced to nearby areas, including the southern, mountainous regions of Spain, France, and the islands off the coast of Africa, such as the Canary Islands and the Balearics.
North African hedgehog
The hoglet is born blind, but gains vision quickly. Using morphological characters, animals were identified as North African hedgehogs, also called Algerian hedgehogs, that belong to the Erinaceidae family, genus Atelerix Pomeland species algirus Lereboullet, You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3. Description Erizo moruno Atelerix algirus. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. Accessed April 04, at http: The present study demonstrates, for the first time in Tunisia, natural infection of hedgehog animals Atelerix algirus by the Leishmania parasites species L.
North African hedgehogs often eat pest insects in gardens and populated areas.